One among many newspapers
mentioned in Ulysses, the Dublin Evening Mail
was a daily distributed in the evening on buff-colored
(brownish yellow) sheets, competing with the pink-colored Evening Telegraph, the
Dublin Evening Standard, and the Evening Herald.
Although this paper figures prominently in one of the stories
of Dubliners, it is never mentioned in Ulysses.
In Wandering Rocks, however, several men meet on the
street outside "the Mail office" at 37-38
first issues of the Mail appeared in the early 1820s,
and the paper quickly gained considerable popularity. In 1904,
however, its circulation was much smaller than those of the Telegraph,
the Freeman's Journal,
and the Irish Times, all
of which had gained national readerships. By this time the Mail
had become a staunchly unionist paper. Its editors took
conservative positions on issues like land reform during the
last decades of the 19th century, and opposed Gladstone's
negotiations with Parnell for Home
In "A Painful Case," Mr. Duffy sits in a restaurant eating corned beef and cabbage and staring at "a paragraph in the evening paper which he had propped against the water-carafe." After losing his appetite and walking off into the night, the narrative notices "the fringe of the buff Mail peeping out of a side-pocket of his tight reefer overcoast." At home in his bedroom, he takes the paper out of the pocket and reads the article again. The narrative reproduces the newspaper headline:
A PAINFUL CASE
The extensive text that follows (566 words) seems to present
the newspaper article nearly verbatim, anticipating Aelous
in its willingness to incorporate the conventions of print
journalism into a literary fiction.
Among other items of interest for 16 June 1904, the image of the first page of that day's Mail accompanying this note contains announcements of Mrs. Bandmann Palmer appearing in Leah at the Gaiety Theatre (upper left), and Eugene Stratton appearing at the Theatre Royal (immediately to the right).