Of Bloom's looking out the carriage window "at the lowered blinds of the avenue," at the beginning of Hades, Gifford observes that "In Irish tradition, blinds were lowered and shops closed during a funeral in a village or, as here, on a street or in a neighborhood." Two paragraphs later, we learn that the house is "number nine," but not until much later does the novel reveal that the "avenue" is Newbridge Avenue in Sandymount, a near suburb on the southeastern edge of Dublin.
The newspaper that Bloom reads in Eumaeus discloses
that on the morning of June 16 "the remains of the
late Mr Patrick Dignam were removed from his residence, no
9 Newbridge Avenue, Sandymount, for interment in
Glasnevin." This, then, is the originating
point for the funeral procession narrated in the first half of
Hades. The carriages travel north from Sandymount
through Irishtown to
Ringsend, then move west
through the southern part of central Dublin, cross the Liffey
and turn north up O'Connell
Street, and from the top of that street they proceed
northwest to Prospect cemetery in the near northern suburb of
In the Hades of the Rosenbach manuscript and the one published in 1918 in the Little Review, Joyce housed Paddy Dignam's family at No. 10 Newbridge Avenue, but in the 1922 edition of the novel they live at No. 9. Apparently he changed his plans when he learned from the 1904 Thom's directory that No. 9 was vacant.